e r n e s t o c a r v a j a l
MSc I Architect
D E S I G N I N G F O R U N C E R T A I N T Y
According to the World Bank, there are five key social development issues in Latin America and those are; inequality, women's rights, innovation, education, and public health. Local governments have addressed these issues focusing mostly in urban areas, where the number of inhabitants has increased during the years. The increasing population in cities is caused by various factors but is often due to rural populations migrating to urban areas. This population shift occurs because of the lack of industry and basic services in rural settings such as medical care and education.
The high demand for infrastructure and political interest pressures local governments to offer cities basic services by planning long-lasting solutions. As cities begin to improve their services and offer a better quality of life for inhabitants, rural areas demonstrate the opposite. Local governments have addressed some of these rural issues, however, it is of low priority and on a smaller scale. As a result, several nongovernmental organizations step in to work on these social issues. Both nongovernmental and local governments face uncertain conditions when planning, such as climate change, socio-economic and political factors. Uncertainty forced most of these projects to explore temporary solutions. In rural areas, these solutions often focus on education, healthcare, and housing. The immediate effect of these temporary solutions might be beneficial for the community, but in the long term, it can create a different problem. These projects tend to follow a linear process by defining an end to the project. Over time these isolated solutions can contribute to larger problems when help leaves. For example, post-disaster immediate responses provide temporary infrastructure solutions that end up becoming permanent and increasing the community vulnerability towards disasters. A more efficient approach would be the idea of a cyclic process, which suggests constant work and periodic assessments. In this way, we can learn from our work and create a bigger impact. This project will follow a cyclic process with goals to improve and develop community skills and knowledge. In this way, development would not rely completely on others.
Tapial is a proposition for a collaborative project that focuses on the rural development of three main social issues in Latin America: education, public health, and innovation. WHY TAPIAL? In the Andean Region, it is common to find dwellings made of earth, such as tapial or adobe, which are traditional techniques used prior to the arrival of the European colonies. Tapial has two meanings, the first is the name for the framework used to create a compacted earth wall, and second is the name of the wall itself. The objective of the project is to mimic the definition of Tapial, working as a metaphoric formwork that creates the opportunity to build knowledge within a community. The building is also designed to incorporate traditional techniques and materials, by the community, to create a sense of identity and ownership.
A B C D E F G
I F J
Health - Allison Doe.
Allison is a Registered Nurse in Boston, with several years of practice in critical care. She has an interest in Public Health and has worked as a volunteer with the Maine Migrant Health Program, Chilean Red Cross, and Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital in Ecuador.
Education - Stephen Holzer
Stephen has Master’s of Science in Education, Childhood General Education with a minor in Spanish. He has eight years of diverse teaching experience in the United States and Ecuador, and is currently working at Bronx Community Charter School.
Innovation - Ernesto Carvajal
Ernesto is an architect currently working in Boston with a MSc in Sustainable Design from the University of Edinburgh. He has several years of international experience in Ecuador, Scotland, and the United States. His projects range from furniture design to public infrastructure. He is in charge of the construction of the rammed earth wall prototype.